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Glossary of Terms

Individual and Small Group Instruction (Preschoolers only) - Instruction delivered one-to-one or in a small group as specified in an IEP enabling the individual(s) to participate effectively in the total school program.  

Individualized Educational Program (IEP) - The Individual Education Plan is a document that is developed for each child who is found eligible for Special Education services. The IEP is developed in accordance with state and federal laws as well as specific procedural requirements such as timelines and notification requirements.

Individualized Education Program Team - is composed of an administrator or his/her designee, the student's teacher, and the parents.  Other members may include the student, other individuals selected by the parent or the IEP chairperson, and those who have conducted assessment on the student.

Individual Transition Plan - a plan written with graduating students and their families to facilitate appropriate adult life post-school options.

Intensive Individualized Instruction - Student requires additional support for all or part of the day. (Usually for additional paraprofessional support.)

Language and Speech - Remedial intervention for eligible individuals with difficulty understanding or using spoken language. Services may include specialized instruction and services, monitoring, reviewing, and consultation. They may be direct or indirect including the use of a speech consultant.

Least Restrictive Environment - Special Education services are provided in as close proximity to regular school programs as is educationally appropriate for each individual child.

Special Education - "Specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parent, to meet the unique needs of individuals with exceptional needs, whose educational needs cannot be met with modification of the regular instruction program, and related services, at no cost to the parent, that may be needed to assist these individuals to benefit from specially designed instruction. Special education is an integral part of the total public education system and provides education in a manner that promotes maximum interaction between children or youth with disabilities and children or youth who are not disabled, in a manner that is appropriate to the needs of both. Special education provides a full continuum of program options, including instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and instruction in physical education, to meet the educational and service needs of individuals with exceptional needs in the least restrictive environment. Individuals with exceptional needs shall be grouped for instructional purposes according to their instructional needs."

Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) - School districts organized within a geographic area in accordance with the law to coordinate the administration and delivery of Special Education services.

Specialized Academic Instruction - Adapting the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction to ensure that children receiving special education services retain appropriately specified access to the general curriculum.  The particular subjects, duration, and location of general education exposure are individually tailored for each special education student, based on their specific needs and the services they are receiving, and thus, may vary greatly between students.

SPECIAL ED ACRONYMS
A
Autistic
FERPA
Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act
AB 3632
Mental Health Services by CMH
HI
Hearing impaired
ABA
Applied Behavior Analysis
IBI
Intensive Behavior Intervention
ADA
Average Daily Attendance
IDEA
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
ADD
Attention Deficit Disorder
IEP
Individualized Education Program
ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
IEP TEAM
Individualized Education Program Team
AR
Annual Review
IFSP
Individualized Family Service Plan
ASD
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
ISP
Individual Service Plan
AUT
Autism
ITP
Individual Transition Plan
CAA
Certified Application Assistant
LEA
Local Education Agency
CAPA
California Alternate Performance Assessment
LRE
Least Restrictive Environment
CAHSEE
California High School Exit Exam
MH
Multihandicapped  (preschool only)
CASEMIS
California Special Education Management Information System
NCLB
No Child Left Behind
CCS
California Children’s Services
NON-CAT
Non-Categorical
CDS
Community Day School
NPA
Non-Public Agency
CELDT
California English Language Development Test
NPS
Non Public School
CMA
California Modified Assessment
OHI
Other Health Impaired
CDE
California Department of Education
OI
Orthopedically Impaired
CMH
Community Memorial Hospital
OT
Occupational Therapy
CST
California State Testing
PT
Physical Therapy
CWA
Child Welfare and Attendance
RTI
Response to Intervention
D/HH
Deaf/Hard of Hearing
RSP
Resource Program
DIS
Designated Instruction
SAI
Specialized Academic Instruction
DB
Deaf-Blind
SARB
School Attendance Review Board
DRDP
Desired Results Developmental Profile
SDC
Special Day Class
ED
Emotionally Disturbed
SELPA
Special Education Local Plan Area
EIC
Early Intervention Center
SLD
Specific Learning Disabled
EMD
Established Medical Disability
SLI
Speech/Language Impaired
EL
English Learner
SLP
Speech/Language Pathologist
ELA
English Language Arts
SSID
Statewide Student Identifier
ESL
English as a Second Language
SST
Student Study Team
ESY
Extended School Year
STAR
Standardized Testing & Reporting
FAA
Functional Analysis Assessment
TBI
Traumatic Brain Injury
FBA
Functional Behavior Assessment
VI
Visually Impaired